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Land Of Celestial Mountains
Celestial Mountains
Land Of Celestial Mountains
It's impossible to imagine the history and culture of the Kyrgyz without Tien Shan and Pamir mountain ranges. Visit Kyrgyzstan, the land of celestial mountains, to get to know about the true nomadic lifestyle and unveil the real spirit of freedom and happiness.
Issyk-kul Lake
Untouched Nature
Pristine valleys. Crystal clear mountain lakes. Powerful mountain rivers. Rich flora and fauna embracing rare species. Discover the virgin nature of Kyrgyzstan!
Burana Tower
Great Silk Road
The current territory of Kyrgyzstan served as the main bridge on the giant trade route connecting the East and West. Some routes are still used in the country as highways. By visiting the historical sites along the route of the Great Silk Road, one can delve into the past and feel the spirit of antiquity and the middle ages.
Nomadic Traditions
Nomadic Lifestyle
The Kyrgyz have been traditionally nomadic people up until the second quarter of the 20th century. Today Kyrgyzstan is one of the few countries where a certain part of the population still practices a semi-nomadic lifestyle. Welcome to Kyrgyzstan to learn how to set up a traditional nomad's house bozui, what the taste of koumiss feels like and the process of making it, how kyrgyz nomads lived in the past and how they live on summer pastures today.
Rich Heritage

Rich Heritage
The Kyrgyz have preserved rich and diverse cultural heritage for centuries. Visit Kyrgyzstan to learn more about kyrgyz folklore, on the top of which comes the Epic of Manas, novels by famous kyrgyz writer Chyngyz Aitmatov, spectacular and entertaining national games and kyrgyz handcrafts.
About Kyrgyzstan
About Kyrgyzstan
General Information
Destination Map
Climate in Kyrgyzstan
How to dress
Kyrgyz Cuisine
About Kyrgyzstan
  • When traveling through the country, you can feel connected to nature and yearning for a simpler life.
  • Kyrgyzstan, a fabulous Central Asian country, is very popular with tourists and still shows great tourism potential. It has a long and eventful history and boasts a number of unique heritage sites dating from various times, including the era of the Silk Road caravan tracks, which once ran though its today's territory; and it is of course a country of fascinating natural sites, a grandiose mountain kingdom often referred to as "Central Asian Switzerland"
  • The Tien Shan system of mountain ranges covers 80% of its area, featuring the extremely high mountains Pobeda Peak (7,439m), Lenin Peak (7,134m) and Khan-Tengri Peak (6,995m). Lovers of mountaineering, trekking, downhill skiing, snowboarding and other adventure tourism activities regard Kyrgyzstan as one of the world's best vacation destinations.
General Information
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in the northeast of the former Soviet Central Asia. It borders China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Most of the territory is covered with the Tien Shan mountain ranges. The country's highest mountain is Pobeda Peak (7,439m; "Victory Peak" in Russian; Kyrgyz: Jengish Chokusu); the lowest parts lie at an altitude of about 400 meters. The area is 199,900 square kilometers - five times as large as Switzerland.

Population
The country's population is a little over 5.6 million. Since life is hard in the mountains, most of the people live in the valleys. The largest ethnic group are Kyrgyz. They make up 72% of the population (2013 estimate) and are spread throughout the country. The largest ethnic minorities are Uzbeks (14.5%) concentrated in the south and Russians (9.0%) living mainly in the north. There are also Dungans (1.9%), Uighurs (1.1%), Tajiks (1.1%), Kazakhs (0.7%), Ukrainians (0.5%) and other smaller ethnic minorities, including Germans.
Destination Map
  • On routes you will see colorful canyons, as if from films about the Wild West, and red rocks of bizarre shapes, mountains covered with dark green Tien Shan fir-trees with candles, clear sonorous rivers and green meadows, high plateaus with Mongolian landscapes and pastures on Son-Kul Lake, where nomads live.
  • Most of the routes will pass through the gorges of both banks of Issyk-Kul, you will visit the most beautiful places.
  • And of course, Kyrgyzstan is a nomad! Yurts, felt, herds, riders. Here you can not only see it with your own eyes, but even try a little on yourself, spending the night in a real yurt somewhere in an amazing place and chatting with these interesting people, see how they make felt or race on a horse in their nomadic games .
Climate in Kyrgyzstan
  • The country's terrain and location will allow for experiencing almost all types of climate: seaside, subtropical, temperate, dry continental, and even subpolar. The temperatures vary as to region.
  • In winter, it is around -8°C in the lowlands and around -27°C in the mountains.
  • In summer, however, the temperature is almost the same in the highlands and lowlands - it is around +26°C, with up to +40°C around the southern city of Osh, Fergana Valley, and -10°C around the highest mountain peaks.
  • The temperatures around Issyk-Kul Lake do not vary significantly by season and are quite comfortable: it is around +2°C in winter (The lake does not freeze in winter, which even its name meaning "hot lake" is indicative of.) and +18-25°C in summer.
  • The precipitation varies from 2,000mm per year in the mountains to around 100mm per year on the west bank of Issyk-Kul Lake. The air in the country is mainly dry. The yearly number of sunny days is quite large - it is 247.
How to dress
  • The best summer clothes to wear in the country will be T-shirts, light shirts, light and loose trousers, shorts, or sundresses. Clothes made of cotton, or having most of cotton, will feel ideal - cotton breathes and absorbs sweat better than synthetics. Do not forget that white garments will take less solar heat. However, the humidity is low in Kyrgyzstan, so high temperatures are quite bearable unless you are in the south of the country in mid-summer.
  • Remember that your footwear must be comfortable, light and strong, since you will have to walk over rough ground surfaces at times. Light sandals will be great to wear in the cities. Sunglasses, light headwear and sunblock lotion should also be kept handy in summer.
  • There are no dressing style limits in the local culture. However, while visiting religious sites, women should wear loose garments covering most of their arms and legs, and of course the cleavage. Headscarves will also be advisable to put on. Note that you will have to take off your shoes while entering traditional Kyrgyz homes and some of the sacred places where people pray.
  • If you are planning to go to the mountains, it is quite another dressing issue. Note that it is much colder in the mountains in summer, especially at nighttime, and the weather is rather changeable up there.

Kyrgyz Cuisine
Although you can sample Uzbek, Russian, Uighur, Dungan and other dishes in almost every part of modern Kyrgyzstan, the Kyrgyz, of course, have their own traditional cuisine. However, influenced by the nomadic past of the people, their menu is not so diverse as the ones of the peoples with sedentary heritage. There are no Kyrgyz chicken recipes, for instance, for growing poultry would have required sedentariness, but there are many traditional Kyrgyz cattle meat dishes cooked to preserve them for a long time.

Among the traditional Kyrgyz recipes stand out various horsemeat sausages. Chuchuk is probably the most outstanding of them. It is a high-fat horsemeat smoked sausage with a piquant taste. They use horsemeat for cooking a variety of other dishes, such as karyn, which is cold horse stomach slices. Very popular is beshbarmak (also spelled as beshbarmaq) - boiled and shredded meat with noodles in broth.

The Kyrgyz have long been cooking Uzbek, Tajik, Uighur and other neighboring peoples' signature dishes, such as pilaf, laghman noodles (in gravy with meat pieces and vegetables), manti and chuchpara (chuchvara) dumplings. Since the times of the Great Silk Road Central Asian nomadic and sedentary cultures, including cuisines, have always been mixing up, complementing each other.

The local people very much love and often eat honey. Honey with local flatbreads is a common morning meal in the country.

There are a lot of most delicious fruits in Kyrgyzstan in summer and autumn. The apples from Issyk-Kul Lake orchards, for instance, rank among of the world's best. When it comes to vegetables, the Kyrgyz like pumpkin very much.

What Kyrgyz cuisine is also notable for is a wide variety of fizzy fermented milk and cereal beverages. First, it is kymyz, fermented mare's milk, slightly alcoholic - the signature drink of Eurasian nomads. Very popular in the country is maksym - grounded grains, water or milk, flour, all fermented. Ayran - a mixture of fermented milk, salt and water - is also very common in Kyrgyzstan. Jarma, like maksym, is made from ground grains and mixed with ayran. Chalap is similar to ayran, and is known as Tan in the market. All these beverages are made almost everywhere in Kyrgyzstan. You can buy them from the local bazaars, stores and even at the roadsides.

Traditionally, Kyrgyz families have their meals at a dasturkhan - a large cloth spread on the floor. If you visit a Kyrgyz home, invited to dinner, you must take the food with the right hand and put your legs away from the dasturkhan. Try not to sneeze, if you can. They do not think doing so while having meals is appropriate either.